A cancer vaccine is a vaccine that either treats existing cancer or prevents development of a cancer. Vaccines that treat existing cancer are known as therapeutic cancer vaccines.
Vaccines, also called vaccinations, are medicines that help protect the body from disease. They help train the immune system to recognize and destroy harmful substances. There are 2 types of cancer vaccines:
- Prevention vaccines
- Treatment vaccines
There are 2 types of cancer prevention vaccines approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA):
- HPV vaccine. The vaccine
protects against the human papillomavirus (HPV). If the virus is
long-lasting, it can cause some types of cancer. The U.S. Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) has approved HPV vaccines to prevent:
- Cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancer
- Anal cancer
- Genital warts
- Hepatitis B vaccine. The vaccine prevents hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Long-lasting infection with HBV can cause liver cancer.
Cancer Drug is any of several drugs that control or kill neoplastic cells; used in chemotherapy to kill cancer cells; all have unpleasant side effects that may include nausea and vomiting and hair loss and suppression of bone marrow function.
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